29. Mediation as language use

Familiarise yourself with the aspects of mediation shown in the picture.

Discuss in pairs:

How do you make use of mediation when you speak

  • to someone in your first language (when you have a common first language)?
  • to someone in your first language (when you are speaking to someone for whom your first language is a foreign language)?
  • in a language that is foreign to you, but which is a first language to the person you are speaking to?
  • a language that is foreign to you and to the person you are speaking to?

38. Receiving and processing feedback

Pick an assignment you have completed in class, such as an essay.

  1. What kind of feedback did you receive (e.g., on structure, fluency, spelling,…)?
  2. Did you understand the feedback you received?
  3. Did you feel that the feedback you received was
  • relevant?
  • Fair?

4. Did the feedback you received help you understand

  • what skills you could still improve?
  • what you could focus more on in the future to achieve a better result?
  • how you could improve your skills?

This task can be completed as part of a process writing exercise.

45. Language skills in working life

Read the abstract of the final report of a study conducted at the Turku School of Economics, pp. 4–5: https://www.utu.fi/sites/default/files/media/KieVi/Raportti%20Kielitaitotarpeet.pdf.

The report looks into the language needs that someone with an MBA (Master of Business Administration) degree might need in working life.

  1. Start by making a list of possible jobs where you could imagine working after general upper secondary school.
  2. Think about the language skills required for the jobs you have mentioned. You can use the report to support your reflections.
  3. Next, consider how language skills could be developed while working in the professions you have listed. Do the jobs require skills in, for example, creative use of language, use of precise official language, professional terminology, or scientific vocabulary? What cultural skills are required? Are particular languages more appreciated than others?
  4. In what ways might your language skills develop alongside your chosen profession towards a more specific, specialist language?


This task functions well as an introductory task when compiling a Language CV.

42. Using your first language in learning

Reflect on the following questions individually or in pairs.

  1. How do you use your knowledge of your first language(s) (L1) to learn a new language?
  2. How do you use the skills you develop in L1 classes to learn other languages? Think about skills such as presentation skills, interaction skills, and the ability to structure and bring coherence to a text.

41. Plurilingualism in language learning

  1. Individually or in pairs, reflect on similarities between some of the languages you know. You can start by thinking about aspects such as vocabulary, language structures, communication styles, and cultures. What similarities can you identify?
  2. Do you take advantage of the similarities between the languages you know to learn them better? In what ways?

40. My motivation to learn languages

Watch this video from the British Council: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l57XikZUURU.

a) Which languages would you like to be more fluent in?

b) In your opinion, how does having realistic goals and monitoring your learning help you maintain your motivation to learn languages?

c) How can you make language learning more motivating for yourself?

38. Getting feedback

Pick up a piece of evidence of your knowledge of a language from high school, such as an essay.

  1. What kind of feedback have you received? For example, think about the structure, fluency or spelling of the text.
  2. Did you understand the feedback you received?
  3. Did you feel that the feedback you received
  • relevant?
  • was it fair?


4. Did the feedback you received help you to understand

  • what skills you could still improve?
  • what could you pay more attention to in the future to achieve a better result?
  • how could you improve your skills?


This exercise can be carried out, for example, as part of the process writing exercise.

37. Giving and receiving feedback

Pick an assignment you have completed in class, such as an essay or a spoken assignment. Share it with your partner.

  1. Give your partner feedback on their performance. Reflect on the following
  • What was particularly good about the performance?
  • What would you do to improve the performance, if it were up to you?
  • What advice could you give to your partner to improve their performance? Where could they look for help? Consider, for example, learning materials, Youtube channels, etc.

2. Reflect on the feedback you gave each other

  • How could you make concrete use of the advice given by your partner? Write down two concrete ways.
  • Did you learn anything new?
  • How did you feel about getting feedback? How did you respond? Can you make use of the feedback you received in your future studies?

32. Rhetoric and responsible involvement in society

Subvertising, or creating parodies of advertisements (that resemble genuine ads; “anti-ads”) to make an ironic statement, takes a stand on social problems by using language that aims to influence, for example, consumer attitudes or consumption habits. They often comment on consumerism and the inequalities of world trade. You can find subvertisements, for example, in the subvertisement gallery of Voima Kustannus (in Finnish).

  1. Go through some anti-ads and choose one for closer examination.
  2. What does the anti-ad comment on? What is it about and what sort of perspective does it take on the matter at hand?
  3. How does the anti-ad make its point? What kind of language is used?

31. International and multicultural NGOs

This task can be done individually, in pairs, or in groups.

Ethical internationalism and human rights go hand in hand. One way to promote international and ethical conduct is to work through different third sector organisations. By getting involved in, for example, community organisations or non-governmental organisations (NGOs), you can gain work experience that can prove useful when finding your own direction in life.

  1. Find out more about different organisations operating in Finland and abroad.
  2. Think about your values and what is important to you. What are the issues that you would like to make an impact on, and do they affect the type of organisation you would like to be involved in? You can also take a critical look at how organisations operate.
  3. Consider whether any of the organisations you got to know spiked your interest. Would you like to take part in the organisation? In what role would your skills be useful or what would you like to learn by getting involved?

If you are working in pairs, discuss some of the ideas that came up and introduce to each other the organisations you chose.