Language learning skills

Language learning is

  • developing an understanding of, among other things, structure of language and the
  • use of vocabulary and cultural traits
  • development of communication skills.

In language studies, the goal is to develop language skills so that the language can be applied in different situations and at different skill levels.

The purpose of this section is to reflect and develop your own learning skills. In what ways and in which environment do you learn best? What is assessing your own learning, and why would it be a useful practice? How can skills and knowledge of different languages be used to learn a new one?

In this section you will:

  • you will learn how to recognize your strengths and development points as a language learner
  • you will learn how to set goals and evaluate your learning
  • Understand the importance of feedback and evaluation in learning
  • Get to know and make use of the tools and find tools that are right for you in developing your language skills
  • understand how learning language outside school supports your studies, and consider how to strengthen it
  • you think about language learning and studying opportunities after high school, not only in future studies.

From the point of view of transversal competence, the development of language learning skills aims to:

  • how understanding yourself as a language learner supports your well-being (well-being knowledge)
  • how knowledge of the learning methods that are right for you and yourself as a learner also supports your learning in other subjects (multidisciplinary and creative competence).

Language learning skills and strategies

Language learning skills are both concrete ways to learn a language, such as memorizing skills or listening to target-language music, as well as understanding what kind of environments or spaces you learn in best. For example, the latter refers to the habit of listening to music to improve concentration or reflecting on difficult issues in groups.

Study skills are also a skill to evaluate your own learning, develop your own learning skills and set goals for learning. In addition, it is important to learn how to give and receive feedback and to analyse received feedback.

In studies, it is important to find motivation and the right ways of studying for yourself. In addition, it is important to get feedback on your own learning and skills – not only in terms of better understanding of your skills now, but in what could be further developed and what can be done in the future if you just invest in learning. Motivation can come by itself or it can be related to specific goals.

Activity 71: Perception of language learning and self-learning as a language learner

Self-assessment and peer review

Text: What and why self-assessment and peer review

Setting and evaluating goals

Description: The studies teach you how to plan your own learning, set personal goals… Continues

Setting goals helps you track your learning – what kind of issues

Waypoints: assessing the achievement of objectives, what works and what is not, have the objectives changed – why do such mid-term evaluations?

  • Mission 75

Give and receive feedback


  • task 76. Give feedback
  • task 77. Receiving and processing feedback

Multilingualism as a language learning lesson


  • Mission 78. Multilingualism in language learning

Lifelong language learning

brief description

Development of language skills in leisure and hobbies

In addition to learning at school, it is useful to consider how and what you learn in your free time. English in particular plays an important role in, for example, the media and popular culture, which contributes to supporting and motivating its learning in school.

It is not always self-evident where language skills can be used in leisure time. It may also seem that the possibilities of using different languages in your everyday life are few and far between or not matching their own interests. Finding language and language learning opportunities in your everyday life maintains and develops language skills, learning new things and a sense of being able to become a language user.

Between. You can learn to learn through hobbies, leaving curiosity and interest; not all things can be learned in the same way, but can require new tactics – some things not only help to read one article and get into action, but keep constantly looking for information, experiment, etc.

Developing language skills in studies and working life

High school studies strengthen your skills to learn and learn languages, even if you do not start studying until 20 years after high school.

  • Role: I understand that my language skills develop alongside the profession of choice towards the most specific expert language